Astronomy, Physics and Advanced Scientific Computing Research
SKA - the Square Kilometer Array
- South Africa (and neighboring African countries), Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Chinese, Germany, Italy, Netherland, Sweden, India (Associate member)
- 2016-2024 (Construction of phase one of the SKA is scheduled to start in 2016)
- €1,500 million
- The Square Kilometre Array will be the world’s largest and most sensitive radio telescope. The SKA will address fundamental unanswered questions about our Universe including how the first stars and galaxies formed after the Big Bang, how galaxies have evolved since then, the role of magnetism in the cosmos, the nature of gravity, and the search for life beyond Earth.
ELI – The Extreme Light Infrastructure
- 13 EU Members Countries
- Currently built sites in Prague (Czech Republic), Szeged (Hungary) and Magurele (Romania)
- Should be operational in 2015
- €700 million + €290 million
- ELI is a European Project, involving nearly 40 research and academic institutions from 13 EU Members Countries, forming a pan European Laser facility, that aims to host the most intense lasers world wide.
VLT - The Very Large Telescope array
- facility in Chile
- A collaboration between several Eurpean countries
- Instruments (MIDI and AMBER) operate respectively in 2002 and 2004
- The Very Large Telescope array (VLT) is the flagship facility for European ground-based astronomy at the beginning of the third Millennium. It is the world's most advanced optical instrument, consisting of four Unit Telescopes with main mirrors of 8.2m diameter and four movable 1.8m diameter Auxiliary Telescopes.
LHC - The Large Hadron Collider
- Facility on Franco-Swiss border, a collaboration of 10,000 scientists and engineers from over 100 countries
- The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a gigantic scientific instrument near Geneva, where it spans the border between Switzerland and France about 100m underground. It is a particle accelerator used by physicists to study the smallest known particles – the fundamental building blocks of all things.
- It will operate for two months in 2013 and go shutdown for upgrades. Reopening planned for early 2015
ISS - International Space Station
- NASA, the Russian Federal Space Agency, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), European Space Agency (ESA), Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
- 1998 - 2020
- $ 45billion
ITER - International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
- € 15 billion
- facility in France
- funded and run by EU, India, Japan, China, Russia, South Korea and the U.S
- Buidlings began in 2010, expected to be realized in 2020
- ITER is a large scale scientific experiment that aims to demonstrate that it is possible to produce commercial energy from fusion.
ALMA - Atacama Large Millimeter/sub millimeter Array
- Facility in Chile
- An international partnership between Europe, the United States, Canada, East Asia and the Republic of Chile
- More than $1 billion
- start full scale operation in 2013
- ALMA is the largest astronomical project in existence. ALMA will be a single telescope of revolutionary design, composed initially of 66 high precision antenn
- as located on the Chajnantor plateau, 5000 meters altitude in northern Chile
FAIR - An International Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research
- Facility in Germany
- Current partners: Finland, France, India, Poland, Romania, Russia, Solvenia, Spain and Sweden
- will operate from 2018
- FAIR is a new, unique international accelerator facility for the research with antiprotons and ions. It is ready to be built within the coming years near Darmstadt in Hesse, Germany. The new facility, where various physics programs can be operated in parallel, will offer outstanding research opportunities and discovery potential for about 3000 scientists from about 50 countries.
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey
- U.S, EU, Japan, UK, China
- (SDSS I, 2000-2005; SDSS II, 2005-2008; SDSS III ongoing)
- SDSS III will continue operating and releasing data through 2014
- The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) is one of the most ambitious and influential surveys in the history of astronomy. Over eight years of operations (2000-2008), it obtained deep, multi-color images covering more than a quarter of the sky and created 3 dimensional maps containing more than 930,000 galaxies and more than 120,000 quasars.
PRAGMA - Pacific Rim Applications and Grid Middleware Assembly
- Established in 2002; project ongoing
- The Pacific Rim Application and Grid Middleware Assembly (PRAGMA) was formed in 2002 to establish sustained collaborations and advance the use of grid technologies in applications among a community of investigators working with leading institutions around the Pacific Rim.
CLIC - Compact Linear Collider (Proposed)
- CLIC is a global, multi lateral collaboration of 43 institutes from 22 countries
- Conceptional design report of the CLIC accelerator is planned to be completed in 2012.
- CLIC is a study for a future electron-positron collider that would allow physicists to explore a new energy region in the multi TeV range beyond the capabilities of today's particle accelerators.
ILC - International Linear Collider (Proposed)
- The proposed host countries for the accelerator are Japan, Europe (CERN) and the USA (Fermilab). Japan is considered most likely candidate.
- In 2013, the International Linear Collider and the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) merge to form one Linear Collider Collaboration
- ILC could be the next big adventure in particle physics. Currently at the planning stage, it would complement the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and shed more light on the discoveries scientists are likely to make there in the coming years.
GWO - Southern Hemisphere's first full-scale gravity wave observatory (Proposed)
- Italy, France, China, Taiwan and the USA, likely Australia