Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
NEPTUNE Canada undersea observatory
- Instruments generally installed in 2011/2012, currently in operation
- Annual $12,000,000
- NEPTUNE Canada, the world’s first regional scale cabled observatory network, is located off the west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia. The network, which extends across the Juan de Fuca plate, gathers live data from a rich constellation of instruments deployed in a broad spectrum of undersea environments. Data are transmitted via high speed fibre optic communications from the seafloor to an innovative data archival system at the University of Victoria.
ENCODE - Encyclopedia of DNA Elements
- The ENCODE Consortium is an international collaboration of research groups funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). The goal of ENCODE is to build a comprehensive parts list of functional elements in the human genome, including elements that act at the protein and RNA levels, and regulatory elements that control cells and circumstances in which a gene is active.
1000 Genomes Project
- U.S, Canada, EU, UK, China, the Caribbean
- Launched in 2003 and scaled in 2007
- The 1000 Genomes Project is the first project to sequence the genomes of a large number of people, to provide a comprehensive resource on human genetic variation.
- The goal of the 1000 Genomes Project is to find most genetic variants that have frequencies of at least 1% in the populations studied. It is a collaboration of numerous public and private organizations worldwide with Amazon Web Service cloud to share genetic data with researchers everywhere.
NIF - Neuroscience Information Framework
- led by UC San Diego
- established in 2004; project ongoing
- The Neuroscience Information Framework is a dynamic inventory of Web based neuroscience resources: data, materials, and tools accessible via any computer connected to the Internet. An initiative of the NIH Blueprint for Neuroscience Research, NIF advances neuroscience research by enabling discovery and access to public research data and tools worldwide through an open source, networked environment.
- established in 2008; project ongoing
- iPlant is a community of researchers, educators, and students working to enrich all plant sciences through the development of cyberinfrastructure
- the physical computing resources, collaborative environment, virtual machine resources and interoperable analysis software and data services that are essential components of modern biology.
National Ecological Observatory Network
- Expected to be in full operation by 2017; NEON will collect data for 30 years
- NEON is designed to gather and synthesize data on the impacts of climate change, land use change and invasive species on natural resources and biodiversity. Data will be collected from 60 sites across the U.S. (including Alaska, Hawaii and Puerto Rico)
- Production Release on Feb 2013
- The new Systems Biology Knowledgebase (KBase) is a collaborative effort designed to accelerate our understanding of microbes, microbial communities, and plants. It will be a community driven, extensible and scalable open source software framework and application system.
- $5million per year
- Converting the photosynthetic system in rice to the more efficient, supercharged C4 one used by maize would increase rice yields while using scarce resources (land, water, fertilizer) more effectively.However a technological innovation of this magnitude requires the skills and technologies of a global alliance of multidisciplinary partners from advanced institutions.
OOI - Ocean Observatories Initiative
- Infrastructure installation from 2013-2015
- The Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) will construct a networked infrastructure of science driven sensor systems to measure the physical, chemical, geological and biological variables in the ocean and seafloor. The OOI will be one fully integrated system collecting data on coastal, regional and global scales.
- established in 2002; project ongoing
- GEON is an open collaborative project that is developing cyberinfrastructure for integration of 3 and 4 dimensional earth science data. GEON is developing the
- OpenEarth Framework (OEF) to facilitate such integration.